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What Was the Agreement of the Allahabad Treaty

By April 18, 2022 Uncategorized

1st place Between His Highness Sujah al Dolomlah and his heirs, on the one hand, and His Excellency Najim al Dowlah and the British East India Company, on the other hand, eternal and universal peace, sincere friendship and a strong bond must be established, so that the said Contracting Powers can focus their utmost attention on remaining among themselves, their lords and their subjects, this mutual friendship, without allowing any kind of hostilities to be committed from now on for any reason or under any pretext whatsoever; And anything that could later affect the now fortunately founded Union will be carefully avoided. 6. In view of the great costs incurred by English society in carrying out the end of the war, His Highness agreed to pay them (fifty) 50 rupees as follows: (twelve) 12 there was no money at the signing of this contract, and a deposit of jewellery in the amount of eight was missing; (five) 5 is missing one month later, and the remaining (twenty-five) 25 are missing due to monthly payments, so that the whole can be released within (thirteen) 13 months from the date of this Agreement. The treaty marked political and constitutional participation and the beginning of British rule in India. [3] Based on the terms of the agreement, Alam granted the East India Company Diwani rights or the right to collect taxes from the eastern province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa on behalf of the emperor. These fees allowed the company to collect income directly from the people of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In return, the company paid an annual tribute of twenty-six Lakh rupees (equivalent to £260,000), while securing the Kora and Allahabad districts of Shah Alam II. The tribute paid to the emperor was used to maintain the emperor`s court in Allahabad. The agreement also stipulated that Shah Alam was to be transferred to Varanasi province as long as he continued to pay certain income to the company. Awadh was sent back to Shuja-ud-Daulah, but Allahabad and Kora were taken from him. The Nawab of Awadh Shuja ud Daulah also had to pay fifty Lakh rupees as war compensation to the East India Company.

The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on 12 September. It was signed in August 1765[1] between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, son of the late Emperor Alamgir II, and Robert Clive of the East India Company after the Battle of Buxar on 22 October 1764. The treatise was handwritten by I`tisam-ud-Din, a Bengali Muslim writer and diplomat of the Mughal Empire. [2] 3D. His Highness solemnly undertakes never to receive Coffim Aly Khawn, the late Subahdar of Bengal. Sumoro, the murderer of the English, always one of the European deserters on his territories, again to give them the slightest face, the slightest support or the slightest protection: he also solemnly undertakes to provide the English with everything that the Europeans can leave from this country to his country in the future. The year 2015 marked the 250th anniversary of the Allahabad Treaty. The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on August 12, 1765 between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. and Robert Clive following the Battle of Buxar. With this treaty, the East India Company received a strong political base in India. Before the treaty, the British had strong trade relations only with Indian rulers. This treaty was one of the factors that ensured that they would rule India for two centuries.

The treaty was the result of the Battle of Buxar between the East India Company and the combined armies of Bengal, Awadh and mughal emperor Shah Alam II. The defeated emperor had to sign this humiliating treaty dictated by Robert Clive. The contract gave the company access to nearly 40,000 square kilometres of taxable fertile land. The British had the right to levy taxes directly instead of Rs 26 lakhs paid annually to the Mogul. The districts of Kora and Allahabad were also returned to the Mughal emperor. The Nawab of Awadh had to pay Rs 53 lakhs in war compensation and was sent back to Awadh with the promise of money to run the court and a daughter army. Nawab of Bengal retained judicial functions, but the company had the power to collect revenue. 7. It is determined that His Highness restores the land of Banara and the other districts currently leased by Bulwant Sing, despite the granting of the same by THE KING to the English Society; it is therefore agreed that they will be allocated to His Highness in the following manner, i.e.

they will remain in the hands of English society with their income, until the expiry of the agreement between rajah Bulwant Sing and the Society on 27 November next year; After that, His Highness will be taken into possession, with the exception of the fortress of chunar, which will be completely evacuated only after the 6th article of this treaty. Source: William Bolts, Indian Affairs Considerations; Paying particular attention to the current state of the Bengali dependencies (1772), Annex No. XVII: “Copy of the new agreement or treaty concluded between the Nabob Najim al Dowlah, the Nabob Sujah al Dowlah, the EMPEROR SHAH ALLUM and Lord Clive and the Secret Committee of Calcutta; when he cancelled all previous contracts and reshaped the company`s business by confirming the Dewannee. Dated August 16, 1765. 11th place. His Highness Nabob Sujah al Dowlah, His Excellency Nabab Najim al Dowlah and the English Society promise to comply sincerely with all the articles contained in and regulated in this Treaty; and they will not suffer that the same thing is violated directly or indirectly by their respective subjects; and the aforementioned contracting parties guarantee each other in general and on the other hand all the provisions of this contract. 10. Upon the conclusion of this Treaty, the English armed forces shall be withdrawn from the territories of His Highness, except those which may be necessary for the garrison of Chunar or for the defence and protection of the KING in the city of Illahabad, should His Majesty need a force for this purpose. 9.

All parents and subjects of His Highness who animated the English in any way during the end of the war are forgiven and in no way harassed for it. Fort William, September 30, 1765. A true copy. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL 4. The king, Shah Allum, remains in full possession of Cora and the part of Illahabad province he now owns, which are left to His Majesty as a royal domain in support of his dignity and expenses. 5. His Highness Sujah al Dolomlah committed himself in the most solemn way, Bulwant Sing in the zemindaries of Banaras, Ghazipoew and all the districts he owned when he came to the late Nabab Jaffier Ally Khawn and the English, on the condition that he pay the same income as before. .